What seems to be the latest Russian specialty of the house (here, here and here), fake news have shaped people’s mind in recent years. Fueled by abused search engine algorithms and social websites, fake news have risen to the top and have been identified as the main contributor to recent unexpected results such as Brexit and Trump.
However, fake news are just one side of the coin. What has not been discussed so far and should be is why are fake news, and news in general, so powerful. If you don’t know what I’m talking about just take a look at the USA. According to Gallup around 43% of US citizens think ill of Muslims. However this number is a bit baffling when you take into account that the Muslim population in most of the states is below 1%.
Read more “Fake News and the Fall of Globalization”
Donald J Trump is a political genius… or at least he might be. Over the course of the current presidential elections he has shown to be incoherent and to promote hate, fear, racism and other abhorrent behaviors. And you would think that such a candidate would never have a chance to win much votes. However the result is completely opposite: Trump is the leading GOP contender for the upcoming elections.
So let’s step back a little and do a small mind game. Let’s step into the shoes of a presidential candidate. What’s the objective of the game? To get as much votes as possible. So how do you get people’s vote? Well, you convince them that when you are the president you will do things that will benefit them. The problem starts when you understand that by favoring a group of people, you will be almost always opposing another group. In other words, you cannot keep everyone happy. Thus the logical way to go is to favor the biggest group in the room.
This approach is easier when you have a small number of voters since it’s easier to understand where the majority stands. However when you are running for presidential elections, it becomes nearly impossible to know which stance will warrant you the most votes. And hence the Trump strategy: instead of using the same stance everywhere, just modify it as you see fit to keep as much people as you can happy. This is why you can find videos of Trump contradicting himself almost for everything he has said.
Basically Trump is just a people-pleaser. The words that come out of his mouth have only one objective: to get more voters. And this is a big problem because when candidates start acting in ways which will give them the most votes, the side that ends up losing is the voters. In other words political campaigns’ incentives are not aligned with democracy. People should vote for the candidate they feel represent them the most. But when candidates start acting as Trump it becomes impossible to know which candidate will represent which ideology. Once one crosses the line, then the others need to follow in order to compete. This is also another example of why unbounded competition leads to undesired results.
And I know it’s hard to hear, but so far Trump has been playing the game pretty well. Whatever he has been communicating, it has struck with a lot of people, and has gotten a lot of votes. Whether these folks are dumb enough to believe exactly what he is saying, or whether they are voting because Trump has been the best at playing the game is something we might never know. However you see it, the phrase In a democracy people get the leaders they deserve has never been more true.
If you want to read more on Trump’s thoughts and ideologies, this book is a great reference to understand his frame of mind